Helping a child learn preschool math is not difficult, in fact, it can be fun. Instead of dull repetition, turning early math concepts into games, songs and hands on activities will put fun into the equation. Learning to count, write numbers and recognizing shapes helps a preschooler prepare for more complex math problems later.
Learning to say the number one through ten is easy. Recognizing the numbers that correspond to numerical words is not as easy. Learning to associate the verbal number with the written one is an important preschool math skill. Once children learn to say their numbers, the next step is to be able to identify the numerals that represent those words. Using paper cut outs that have the numerals written on them and represent the value of that number will help preschoolers learn counting. Objects that can be sorted into groups are also a very good way to help a preschool with counting. Plastic insects, eggs and blocks are just a few of the many items that can be used when helping a preschooler learn to count.
For more info on the different types of learners: Preschool Ideas
Sorting by size goes hand in hand with counting. Using identical-shaped paper cutouts that are graduated in size, preschoolers can easily learn to sort by size. Increasing the difficulty of sorting is easy by adding different colored shapes. Making graduated sized shapes in multiple colors allows the child to sort by size and color. These math concepts help prepare preschoolers for their first math problems, addition and subtraction.
Learning basic addition can go hand in hand with learning to count. Simple addition equations can be learned verbally. Preschool math equations are easy to make and find online ready to print. Most often, these equations are large and colorful. Preschoolers like bright colors. By incorporating
color, objects and hands-on math, skills can be easily learned. Involving math skills in a child’s daily life will help them retain these skills. Asking a preschooler math, sorting and counting questions is one way. Allowing a child to visualize basic addition problems is another way to help them learn.
Basic subtraction skills may be easier to learn than addition. Using snacks is a great way to help a child learn preschool math, by providing a preschooler with a specific number of food items. The preschooler can practice subtraction by eating the subtracted snacks. An example would be to give the child ten pretzel sticks. Say the math problem aloud; ten minus five is how many? First, the child counts the pretzel sticks. Then ask the child
to eat five pretzels and count the remaining pretzels. Say the equation again while the preschooler is counting. Practicing these types of skills will help a child visualize the problem, which is easier for most children to understand.
Learning is Fun:
Preschoolers are full of energy. They seem to be constantly moving. Turning math time into game time allows learning to be fun. Using tape or sidewalk chalk make a series of shapes on the floor or sidewalk. The child is asked to jump from space to space counting the number of times they jump or from a square to a rectangle or circle. Creating these types of games makes learning fun. Variations that are more complex can be used as the child learns new concepts, becomes proficient at counting, and shape games. Preschool math is an important first step in a child’s educational development. Allowing preschoolers to have fun while learning, may set the stage for a lifetime of academic success.